The accepted knowledge is that Diabetes destroys gradually over years. Ketosis Prone Type 2 diabetes is an acute form of type 2. This type 2 can reach fasting blood sugars of 300 or higher in months. This blog brings together all the documentation that I could find in the world and my speculation of what it means for KPD’s in specific and diabetics in general. I ask you to leave your stories about what happened to you so that we can all gain a better understanding of what we are dealing with.

Saturday, November 13, 2010

Abrupt Type 2 Diabetes Onset and 1st Phase Insulin Response

I've titled this "Abrupt Type 2 Diabetes Onset" because I'm am coming to believe that very different types of diabetics have this and that it involves, not the beta cells themselves, but a mechanism or loop that the  beta cells are in that has failed.

How I've come to this conclusion is personal. By sheer luck, I fell across a method of reactivating my 1st phase insulin response. You basically have two responses that come from your pancreas, basal and 1st phase. The basal is the constant but low flow of insulin that occurs all the time in your body. The 1st phase is a modifier of this basic level of insulin to account for changes in the amount of blood sugar that occurs with things like eating, exercise and stress. I use to think of it as a big wave of insulin that suddenly flowed in to your blood stream to counter act potentially high blood sugars caused by something like eating a fast acting carbohydrate. It can and will do this but mostly it's active like a computerized glucose monitoring system counter acting small spikes in the system due to the actions of other things going on in the body.

It should be noted that I'm talking about spikes not drops in blood sugar. Drops aren't the problem usually. (There is reactive hypoglycemia but I view it more as part of a failed mechanism.) Your body is set up to strongly defend against hypoglycemia. This can kill you in a day while hyperglycemia make take years. There are a series of systems and hormones that interact to assure that the body has enough glucose. The one which is counter to those is insulin.

At any rate, I've found a way to get that first phase back and conversely, I've found how to lose this 1st phase. In the last month, I've gotten to the point where I have been able to more or less switch it off and on and notice when it is working. I've even dropped all medications. My typical blood sugar profile kept me at about 110 with spikes of 40 to 50 points higher after meals. This is even with eating a largely low carb diet. Now my typical profile keeps me in the 90's with spikes never above 130 and generally about 20 points above my basal rate. It should be noted this is without insulin, exercise or supplements. (I'm trying to keep down the confounding variables. Ned Kock is big on this!)

One thing this has shown me is that the beta cells are there. They aren't dying off or sick. I'll have a 1st phase for a few days, make an adjustment and then I won't have a 1st phase. I'm thinking that this is very much an abrupt type 2 onset thing.

Type 2 is traditionally thought of as slow onset with continually rising blood sugars over many years. With us, insulin failure occurs quickly but on the converse side insulin recovery occurs quickly as well. I've read where various methods were used to assess beta cell function or mass and it was found to be intact.

I produce insulin but not a 1st phase so my constant dribble of insulin is not enough to keep down my blood sugars without additional insulin. Guess where my blood sugar average is usually, without medications? 134. This is about an A1c of 6.3 which is pretty standard for a Ketosis Prone type 2 diabetic.  This A1c and its implications were discussed in a few posts back. Here.

All this and more lead me to believe that this isn't a problem of beta cells desensitizing but of a failure of a control loop that the beta cells respond to by releasing 1st phase insulin. By saying "control loop", I am talking about a circuit. Think of it as a lightbulb and switch. If this switch is controlled by a sensor for certain amount of darkness then when it gets too dark, the switch is activated and the light comes on. There might be a sensor for lack of movement in area where the light is. If no motion is detected, the switch is deactivated and the light goes off. There is nothing wrong with the light, it's fine. Its behavior, however, is being controlled through the sensors that activate or deactivate the switch.

What my intuition is telling me, that at least in those with "abrupt type 2 diabetes onset", the circuit isn't working and what breaks it down are hyperglycemic episodes which effect one or more components which are part of the loop that operates in the 1st phase circuit. These components could be anywhere. They could function as an aggregate or there could be just one component which is effected by hyperglycemia. What seems clear is that the message isn't getting through.

I bring up hyperglycemia because all I have to do to shut down the 1st phase is to initiate a high glycemic environment which is too high for my 1st phase to cover, typically for me, this is a tub of popcorn at my local cinema. (If you're going to do something bad, you should at least enjoy it.) My blood sugars will stay below 160 then they will soar above 200 and stay there for 4 or five hours. After that, no more 1st phase and higher blood sugars till I make the adjustment.

You are probably wonder what this adjustment is. I should say it is relatively safe but there are potential side effects and frankly I don't want people starting to take stuff with little or no understanding what they're undertaking. I'm going to keep this under wraps for a while.

What I'd love to know is what chemicals or hormones or whatever breaks down in a high glucose environment? Some where, at least for us, that is where the answer lies I believe. Part 2


  1. some diabetes journals with full text access - free- this month only

  2. congrats on some very nice numbers. whatever you are doing sure seems to be working for you

  3. The site for these journals is here.

  4. Thanks for the congrats on the numbers but this is a chronic disease which lasts a lifetime and there is a serious question if what I'm doing is sustainable.
    What I wanted to show is that there may well be another way of addressing KPD and the fact that it is indeed a different sort of diabetes.


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